Citation in parentheses: (Copyright Regulations, 2019) Parenthetical citations and narrative citations in the text are formatted like any other source (first item in the reference list entry, year), although unlike other sources, court decisions and cases italicize the title in the citation in the text. For example (Brown v. Board of Education, 1954). If you are writing a document that contains many references to legal documents such as laws, court proceedings and legislative documents, you are strongly advised to consult the Blue Book. Most legal citations consist of the name of the document (case law, law, law review article), an abbreviation for the legal series, and the date. The citations in the text are formatted in the same way as the above court decisions (name of the act, year). The years can be confusing because laws are often passed in a different year than the one they are published; You should always use the year of publication of the law in the compilation you are considering. A legal citation is a reference to a legal document such as case law, law, law review article, etc. In the APA style (7th edition), most legal documents are cited in the standard legal citation style, which is used as legal references in all disciplines.
However, the legal style differs significantly from APA-style references for other types of sources. “Section 11: Legal References” summarizes the main difference between APA-style references and legal references and provides a comprehensive guide to citing APA-style legal references, in-text citation forms for legal documents, and examples. Citation (in law, this means the volume and page in journalists or books where case decisions are published) On the other hand, if you`re writing an APA, MLA, or Chicago-style article, each of them includes a special section for citing legal documents. We encourage you to consult them according to your needs. If you`re looking for legal citation information in the context of Hong Kong, CUHK Law School offers a comprehensive legal citation style guide (last updated May 2020) that includes many examples of Hong Kong legal documents. You don`t need to create a citation for entire federal or state constitutions. It is enough to refer to them by their name in the text. When citing specific articles and edits, create reference list entries and citations in the text as usual. The United States Constitution should be included in the reference lists and brackets of the U.S. Const.
can be used. Use state legal abbreviations for state constitutions, such as In. Const. for the Indiana Constitution. In the story, write these place names: USA, USA, Indiana. Follow the Constitution numbering pattern (Roman for articles and amendments of the United States Constitution and for articles of the State Constitution, but Arabic for state amendments). Please note that the legal examples in the APA style manual are primarily focused on the United States and the United Nations. For example: Morse v.
Frederick, 551 U.S. 393 (2007) is a citation from a Supreme Court case found in volume 551 of the United States Reports (U.S.) beginning at page 393. The Chicago Manual of Style provides by far the most geographically diverse examples. They contain specific sections for citing legal documents from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. You should check the Blue Book for state laws, as some states use chapter or article numbers instead of sections. Similarly, the Blue Book contains all the necessary abbreviations and symbols. Some federal laws may include public numbers that you can use in the reference list entry instead of USC publication information. In legal research, the most widely used citation guide is The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. The Bluebook uses footnotes, as opposed to parenthetical references, which are typically seen in the APA and MLA style. Patents are cited more as traditional sources of APA.
These documents include rules, regulations, decrees and expert opinions. Their citation patterns in the text follow typical APA patterns: (first item of reference list entry, year) without italics. The most commonly used style manual for citing legal documents is the Bluebook: A Unified Citation System. The APA, PLA, and Chicago Manual of Style all refer to the Bluebook to cite specific documents such as cases. This page provides an overview of legal documents in APA, MLA, and Chicago Style. Chicago actually recommends using the Bluebook or ALWD Citation Manual to detect the ubiquity of these two systems in legal publications, commercial databases, and government records. If you need to quote an APA-type regulation in Hong Kong, we recommend the following basic format: The abbreviation of the legal series usually appears as a number, followed by the short name of the series and ends with another number. Other legislative documents such as witness statements, hearings, non-legal bills and related documents may also be cited.
Your reference list templates (below) may include a URL if available, but the URL is optional. The quotations in the text follow the same patterns as court decisions and cases. Most legal documents are cited in the Bluebook style, the style of legal citation common to all disciplines (see Bluebook style in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, 2015). The APA departs from the bluebook style for legal documents and uses these templates and templates in bibliographies. This resource lists some of the common legal references that ABS users need to do their jobs, but is not exhaustive. Please note that legal conventions outside the United States may differ. State court decisions closely follow the above patterns, but since there are different journalists who publish their decisions, this element of the model varies and is represented here by the word “journalist.” ### Here is the change number. If the change was cancelled, add (year canceled) to the end of the reference. title, source (see Bluebook for abbreviations) and section number of the act; CFR stands for Code of Federal Regulations. “Volume #” must be replaced by the number and ### represents the section number. An example of a court decision is that in the MLA Style Handbook (8th edition), page 69 provides an overview of the titles of statutes, statutes and similar policy documents, and section 2.1.3 provides information on citing corporate authors, including government agencies.
U.S. federal court decisions are published in different journalists and therefore have different reference list templates. They are as follows: ### here is an article number and x is a section number. Reference to a specific section, namely “Reproduction by librarians: provision of copies to other libraries”: Copyright Regulations, Cap 528 § 50 (2019). This template follows the list of items at the top of this section, with the exception of jurisdiction (the Reporter Book, U.S. for United States Reports, contains only Supreme Court decisions, so jurisdiction can be derived). The title of the hearing normally includes the name of the subcommittee. Like the Bluebook, the Chicago Style (17th edition) primarily uses footnotes in its system. Jurisdiction of the court, in parentheses (p. e.g., U.S.
Supreme Court, Illinois Court of Appeals) Below are links to online guides and information on how to access the Bluebook.