On the other hand, there is the figure of the legal person, which is also the subject of the law. Natural persons may constitute a legal person with the same objective. On the other hand, natural persons may act in their own name and also on behalf of another natural or legal person. This leads to very simple differences that should be noticed. In the case of natural persons, individualization is fundamental and is achieved through©themes such as name. A legal person, in addition to having a trade name, is distinguished by a company name. The company name can be a trade name or simply an identifier of the target of the legal entity. The legal residence of a natural person is the place where the law determines his place of residence for the exercise of his rights and the exercise of his functions, even if he is not actually present there. The basic characteristics that equip the natural person at the legal level are called personality attributes.
These are the attributes of personality: in a simple reduction, a natural person will be the one who will respond to a debt with his assets, while a legal entity, for example, a company, will react itself, although this also©depends on the type of incorporation of the company. In this way, any person who has the opportunity to acquire rights or have duties is a natural person. While a legal entity can be a group of natural persons grouped around a target, the example of starting a business we mentioned earlier is valid. The legal person will be the one that has its own legal personality and acquires its status as a legal entity. This allows you to buy and own all kinds of goods, make commitments©and take legal action. On the other hand, legal frameworks can determine different rights and obligations for natural persons. Nationality, marital status, name registration or change of name – Natural person, also known as a natural person, is a term that refers to any human person who has duties and rights granted by law or constitution. These natural or natural persons are governed by the Civil Code from article 29. Secondly, legal residence, which is defined as that established by law for the exercise of its rights and obligations. Some examples of such residences are, in the case of minors and persons with disabilities, those of their parents or guardians; or those of public officials, i.e. the place where they have been performing their duties for more than six months.
The law gives us a number of characteristics or attributes at birth that end after death. Therefore, the mere fact of being born and having an existence makes us owners of rights and protects us by©law in the rule of law. Those who have lost, have not acquired or decreased their ability to exercise are known to be incapable. Although disability has previously been complete and absolute over the years, criteria have been established so that disability is nuanced and people in a state of prohibition can exercise their rights to the extent of their intellectual abilities. In short, legal entity refers to what a person is in relation to all other persons from the point of view of law and legality. This is the basic principle on which the models of social relations as we know them today are based and on which many of the basic concepts of human rights are based. Hence an essential figure in law and in the field of law. Such an idea is correct with two reservations, first of all, there may be legal persons consisting of a single individual.
Second, the concept of the person (and therefore the natural person) is literally “someone who can have duties and rights,” and it is nothing more than man. Therefore, we must understand the natural person as the human being. Not to mention the fact that this was not always the case, not all people were always considered human beings, as was the case with slaves in ancient Rome. ©It is also interesting to recall that, although rights over natural persons are acquired at birth, most obligations are acquired when the natural person reaches the age of majority. ©There are also certain rights such as the possibility of requesting credits© or the right to vote. However, the legal person may exercise its rights and obligations from its own creation. However, depending on the extent to which it works and the purpose for which it was created, both aspects may be limited. In the legal field, the natural person is clearly distinguished from the legal person.
As we have already seen, the natural person will be the one who acquires the rights after birth and can act in his own name or on behalf of other natural persons.